Increase in global foreign bribery investigations

TRACE, the world’s leading anti-bribery standard setting organization, recently announced the findings of its 2018 Global Enforcement Report (GER), noting an increase in the number of U.S. enforcement actions and a worldwide expansion of anti-bribery investigations.

In the GER, an enforcement action includes resolutions of bribery allegations involving fines or penalties, a guilty plea, a sentencing, or a settlement of charges. The 2018 GER, TRACE’s ninth annual compilation, provides anti-bribery enforcement data from 2018 and summarizes 42 years of anti-bribery enforcement activity.

The past year saw a surge in the number of foreign bribery investigations being conducted worldwide. European countries in particular are now collectively engaged in a total of 157 investigations into bribes paid to foreign government officials—an increase of approximately 37% over the previous year.

Additionally, this past year showed more countries investigating bribery of their own domestic officials by foreign entities than has been previously seen.

In 2018, the U.S. undertook a total of 25 enforcement actions—a notable increase over the 16 in the previous year, though falling short of the U.S.’s record-setting 31 enforcement actions in 2016. This number includes two matters resolved through “declination-with-disgorgement,” a resolution made possible for self-reporting companies by recent government policy and perceived as a “soft option” for corporations.

Overall, from 1977–2018, the U.S. has carried out a total of 263 enforcement actions, or about 67% of all enforcement actions worldwide.

“It is encouraging that anti-bribery enforcement continues to be an international priority and that the DOJ and the SEC are rewarding voluntary disclosure,” said TRACE President Alexandra Wrage.

“This sort of cooperation from the business community will continue to be invaluable as more countries join in investigating and prosecuting acts of transnational bribery. We are hopeful that U.S. authorities will remain vigilant in ensuring that incentives like the declination-with-disgorgement policy are not abused by wrongdoers looking to get away with a slap on the wrist.”

About the Global Enforcement Report

TRACE’s Global Enforcement Report (GER) provides graphic and textual analyses of all known investigations and enforcement actions involving transnational commercial bribery since the passage of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.

The GER derives its data primarily from the TRACE Compendium, TRACE’s database of transnational corruption cases.

The analysis covers enforcement events for which information is publicly available, and does not address matters involving only domestic bribery.

The 2018 GER, TRACE’s ninth annual compilation, provides anti-bribery enforcement data from 2018 and summarizes 42 years of anti-bribery enforcement activity. It is available at

Like this article?

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on whatsapp
Share on email

Donate to the cause and support independent journalism

Fight against corruption, stand for justice and equality.
Advocating for ethics and transparency in Asia’s maritime industry, we raise awareness through independent journalism.

We believe in the power of individuals to trigger changes and uplift the image of the maritime industry. As such, we publish stories to keep our readers informed to enable them to make educated decisions.

We invite our readers to support the cause and be part of the fight against corruption.

Join our community for the price of a cup of coffee or any other amounts that you wish.

This is a secure webpage.
We do not store your credit card information.


top view of cargo ship with intermodal

Corruption still a serious problem in Asia

Many countries see economic openness as a way forward, however, governments across the region continue to restrict participation in public affairs, silence dissenting voices and keep decision-making out of public scrutiny.